A blog about my daily bible readings
|This is a blog where i discuss my daily bible readings. In january i embarked on a three year program where i read every word of the bible. At a rate of a chapter a day.|
|A few things to things to keep in mind when reading Genesis, who wrote it? When was it written? Where was it written. Genesis is strictly speaking written anonymously . However according to tradittion it was written or at least compiled and edited by Moses. Biblical scholars who question Moses' authorship use different versions of the Documentary Hypothisis if Moses did compile Genesis it had to have been during the exodus most likely between 1440 bce and 1400 bce.
The audience for Genesis.
Genesis tells the stories of creation, fall in to sin, the call of Abraham and the early ancestors of Isreal.
Cultural facts and highlights.
Genesis records the birth and early of history of humankind
not only did God make the natural world God made man in his own image and gifted humans with free will.
Civilizations rose and fell in a pattern that has marked history ever since. Time passed and at some point God chose to focus his attention on one man from a normal idol worshipping family. This one man chose in turn to listen and obey.
Things to bear in mind as you read. Note how quickly the human race turned their back on the Garden of Eden and perfect fellowship with God. Also note God's response. Then through the unusual choice of a childless patriarch God began to build the family from which the nation of isreal would rise.
Did you know
An individual in ancient times could claim rights to a well that was on someone elses property
The bride price paid by the grooms family was to be held in trust in case the bride became widowed or abandoned
Both the Egyptians and the Babylonians kept collections of dream descriptions with keys for interpretation.
The philosophy behind the practice of embalming was so that the body could be a vessel for the soul after death.
The image of God.
God's global plan of redemtion.
|Noble god of the first occasion,
Who built people and gave birth to the gods,
Original one who made it possible for all to live;
In whose heart it was spoken, who saw them evolve,
Who fortold what was not and thought of what is.
From an inscribed stone monument
The first thing that God created was light. God seperated light from dark. Then God seperated the "water" in the sky from the earthly waters. On the third day God gathered all of the water in to one place so that dry land could appear.
Then God created plants and trees according to their kinds.
Then God created sea creatures and birds.
On the fifth day God created animals that live on land.
God created man in his own image. In the image of God he created him. Male and female he created them.
|In contrast to the story the first chapter of Genesis other Mesopotamian creation myths sought to elevate the god of a paricular shrine to prominance. The creation myths a particular culture also focused on the creation of an important geographical feature for example an Egyptian creation would focus on the creation of the nile.
|God made the seventh day holy by resting from his work of creation.
God created man from the dust and imbued him with the breath of life.
God made a garden in the east in Eden. A river flowed through the garden. The river split in to four tributaries. The first is the Pishon, it winds through the entire land of Havilah, Havilah is rich with gold and onyx and aromatic resin. The name is Gihon which flowed the whole land of Cush, the third river is the Tigris which flows along the east side of Asshur. The fourth river is the Euphrates. God placed the man thqt he had made in the garden.
God saw that the man was lonely so he brought the man each animal and whatever the man called them that became their name. However no suitable helper was found among the animals.
|The name Eden has two possible sources, the Sumerian word eden which translates to steppe or open field or the identical Semitic word meaning luxury or delight.
This is further complicated by the fact that also refers to metaphorical Garden of God Yahwehs dwelling place cf. Isa 51:3 and Eze 21:12-15.
|Chapter 3 of Genesis describes how sin was introduced into the world. The serpent was a common motif in ancient near eastern literature.
The story in the bible serves as explanation for why the serpent behaves the way that it does. For example when someone asks why the serpent flicks it tounge they are told it flicks its tounge because it was cursed by god to eat dust.
|Throughout the near east the serpent was revered as a symbol of forces both harmful and benevolant. However in many ancient writings serpents played a prominant role in the adventures of both humans and gods.
-in the myth of Osiris, Ra contends with the demonic serpent Apophis who tries every morning to usurp Ra and plunge the world into darkness.
-in the Epic of Gilgamesh the robs Gilgamesh of immortality. While Gilgamesh is swimming in a pond the snake ate the Plant of Rejuvenation and is revuvenated shed its skin.
-serpents also oppose humans.
|To the ancient Hebrews Sumeria was an ancient civilization kind of like ancient Rome is to us. Their primary cities were Uruk, Agade, Ur, Nippur, Kish, Lagash, Isin, and Larsa. The origin Sumerian culture is unknown. But there not related to the semites which included arabs and isrealites, the Sumerians used a writing system called cuneiform, Sumerian cuneiform is linguisticly seperate from other known writing systems.
|Cain tilled the soil Abel tendend flocks. They each brought the fruits of their labor to the Lord as a sacrifice. However , the Lord looked with more favor on Abel than he did on Cain. Cain became jealous and killed Abel.
When the Lord saw what Cain had done, he said "the land rejects, you will become a wanderer"
Cain said "this is more than i can bare whoever finds me will kill me."
But the Lord said "whoever kills you i will curse seven fold."
|The Sumerian King List is a list of the rulers of Sumer and Akkad compiled during the reign Utu l-hegal of Uruk it was compiled to legitimize his dynasty. The preamble begins with "when kingship was lowered from heaven" the list details the name of each king the length of their reign and the city they ruled from. The pre flood kings had extremely long reigns some ruled for over 40000 years king a flood then took place after the flood kings ruled for hundreds of tens of thousands.