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Rated: E · Book · Writing · #2044345
Writing about what I have been reading and encountering in the media.
For those of you who have been following, you will see that I moved my reading list into the body of the blog. I will be adding book commentary as new articles instead of listing. New entries will be the first thing you encounter. All book comments have BOOK in the title. The blog is organized chronologically. Please feel free to comment. I especially like challenging comments.

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July 14, 2016 at 5:52pm
July 14, 2016 at 5:52pm
The event that prompted me to write today: Watching Thom Hartman on Free Speech TV, I was presented with the platform of the Libertarian Party. Renee and I then looked it up and read it again on the internet at: http://www.lp.org/platform. As you are the only libertarian I know, you have the privilege of receiving my response.

I am teaching in the Missouri State University Graduate School of Social Work. This requires me to read a lot, and to think a lot about theories and ethics in human interaction. As a social worker I am bound by my personal commitment, and by law, to a clearly articulated code of ethics. You can read it in its entirety at: www.socialworkers.org. The reason I was drawn to social work in the first place is the approach to human interaction that is present in this code. The code is built on 6 principles:

The mission of the social work profession is rooted in a set of core values. These core values, embraced by social workers throughout the profession’s history, are the foundation of social work’s unique purpose and perspective:
• service
• social justice
• dignity and worth of the person
• importance of human relationships
• integrity
• competence.

As you can see, there are places where the code and the libertarian point of view intersect: right to self-determination is the central point of agreement. This summer I am teaching a course on theoretical constructs for intervening with clients who seek our services. All of the approaches begin with honoring self-determination and actively oppose hierarchical relationships in our interactions. There is inherent conflict between our code and the fact that we primarily provide our services within structures that are hierarchical.

A major offender is the medical/scientific community. The traditions in these areas contend that people with more knowledge should have authority over those who have less. Instead of sharing what they know through Socratic discourse, they just want to impose their “wisdom” in the form of “prescription.” The assumption here is that, even though they can make grievous error, their errors are somehow more legitimate than the patient’s errors. For example, a doctor has the right to prescribe drugs to a person, and if the drugs have a negative impact on the patient, well, it is a mistake for which there is no legal consequence. However, if people without the medical “expertise” use a drug, they can be arrested regardless of the effect of the drug on the person who chose to take it.

We social workers constantly walk a narrow path within this context, trying to counteract the many dysfunctions of the hierarchy that is essentially a meritocracy. This authoritarian structure is protected by government through law. Here is where the ethics of social work diverge from the stated values of libertarians. We don’t choose to abandon our social structures, nor do we choose to say all structures are bad. We choose to focus on the wellbeing of those fellow travelers who are also put at a disadvantage by the structures and to support them in participating in society in efficacious ways for the welfare of all. I do not hear this anywhere in the libertarian platform. Instead I hear that an individual has no responsibility to care about or support neighbors. I hear an old west sort of “one for one and none for all” attitude.

In my 46 years as a professional social worker, I have often helped people injured by violence including child sexual abuse and rape. I live in one of the poorest congressional districts in America by choice. There are many sources of discomfort here. There are also many opportunities to be of service. I have seen a lot and learned a lot. The most important thing I have learned is that people organize themselves to promote survival. Many human efforts promote the survival of structures and ideas that help some and hurt others. I choose not to take a position: “Let them eat cake.” I know what it is like to be hurt and abandoned by my culture. I know what it is like to suffer prejudice. I know what it is like to be impoverished. I know that many people cannot find a place in this society that meets their needs and the needs of their families. There is no longer enough call for ditch diggers and apple pickers to support many families in a way that provides adequate housing, health care, education, transportation, communication and nutrition.

The more complex the society becomes, the more heavily dependent on technology, the more people who are left behind. What would the libertarians do in response? Take away the communal supports that exist and demand the creation of new structures to cope with this? I receive Social Security retirement benifits. This is the only way I can afford to teach. I am paid as an adjunct teacher, $16.00 per hour, 20 hours per week and I am the only faculty member in my department at the small branch campus where I teach that is paid to do anything more than the 54 hours of classroom time for each course. This is significantly less per course than I was paid to teach freshman sociology in 1990. This is because of constantly shrinking financial resources within the University.

When I went on Social Security at age 67, my monthly income dropped to what I previously took home in two weeks without the same quality of benefits. Now, I have to spend almost $7000.00 a year for health insurance and Medicare. Previously, my insurance, that cost me $20.00 per month, covered all prescription drugs, Now, one of the drugs I need is not on the list for reduced cost. Tell me, is this because I haven’t done my part in our economy? Is this because we should be more libertarian? Should I have chosen to abandon the people I serve in this very violent country so I could pay for all of this on my own? Often, my students have to work full time while they go to school because they cannot afford to go to school full time like I did. I was educated through an NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) grant. This source of money is not available to them. Is this because they don’t do their share? Should they abandon the effort to advocate for the helpless, to empower the powerless and go to work making money?

The reason this area is impoverished is its dependence on agriculture and tourism focused on the natural beauty of the area. It is because of newly, slowly emerging educational institutions that previously didn’t exist at all. It is because the low wages used to lure manufacturing to the area weren't low enough to keep them here. It isn’t because these folks don’t participate responsibly in the economy. It is because the things that come from nature are less valued than things that are manufactured. And yet, we cannot survive without these things. And, from reading the libertarian platform, I see that this party would destroy the supports we have and abandon the producers of food and other products that come from nature to a world that is heating up and making agriculture increasingly difficult. It would leave the food producers to a world that has been so poisoned by Monsanto and Monsanto-like products that plants are not getting pollinated due to a dramatic and obvious decrease in pollinators. I cannot imagine a solution to this that will be provided by the profit motive. How can the profit motive lead people to stop the marketing of chemicals? The profit motive also increases the cost of things we all need, but does not give the profits to the people who produce them.

Clearly, I, personally am not considered in this platform. My people, my neighbors, my friends and loved ones, are not welcome in the world this document describes. This is a document that forgets that even though we have equal rights, we don’t have equal opportunity, equal resources, things to offer that are equally valued, or equal ability at any given moment. If this platform is implemented, our biggest risk is in getting older. If this platform is implemented, We will be totally abandoned by our culture when we are least able to do anything about it.

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{image # 1445398}
September 13, 2015 at 1:06pm
September 13, 2015 at 1:06pm
Does this bother you? This morning on MSNBC a woman was interviewed about the mine tailings spill that poisoned the Animas River in which the reporter pointed out the hundreds of situations all over the nation that are not being addressed by the EPA. She also talked about their decision that the river is now back to pre-spill level and safe to use. The reason they were in that mine in the first place was the seepage from the mine into the Animas River and the risk it posed. She said this is a national problem. I wanted more information and found nothing on line on MSNBC. There are articles about movie stars and sports, about the woman in Kentucky who was jailed for contempt of court, and stories about entertainment shows on TV. In fact, the interview was followed by a report about a new fall TV show.

The original environmental report was no more than 3 minutes long, if that. If this is as important as the reporter said, and I agree that it is, why do the producers spend so much time on entertainment news and so little on environmental news? I would like, for instance, to hear just how a polluted western river actually impacts the east coast. What happens in the food chain? When is the media going to actually spend some time and money on looking into this in a way that lets us know what is wrong and what is needed to correct it?

I saw a place called “speak out” on the “official MSNBC Website.” It had quizzes. There is a discussion place where viewers can state their perspective. I have never seen anything that suggests the producers ever take this into account, but, on the other hand, when I have participated, the discussion was often as inane as the shows. So, this bothers me. How can we fix what is wrong if we don’t know what it is? How can we choose representatives to government if we don’t know what we need them to do? How can we find out if the media talks more about media than about what is happening in our rivers, soil and air? Does this bother you? Contact information to give feedback is: contact.nbcnews@nbcuni.com
September 13, 2015 at 1:43am
September 13, 2015 at 1:43am
Where would the world be…?

If you sign a peace treaty with Iran
It will surely cause a war.
We must go to war with Iran
In order to prevent the war
That will be caused by
Signing a peace treaty with Iran.
If you sign a peace treaty with Iran
Iran will attack Israel.
If you sign a peace treaty with Iran
Israel will feel abandoned and attack Iran.
If you intervene in Syria
It will cause a war with Iran.
Iran is causing a war
by intervening in Syria.
If you don’t go back into war in Iraq
It will cause a war with Iran.
How do I end this poem?
How does any of this end?
September 11, 2015 at 3:20pm
September 11, 2015 at 3:20pm
I have just finished, for the second time, reading Hum (2013) Jamal May, Alice James Books, Boston. Preparing to review it here, I very nearly started all over again. It is obvious to me why this volume won the Beatrice Hawsley Award: “The Beatrice Hawley Award is given annually by Alice James Books, affiliated with the University of Maine, Farmington. "The award includes publication of a book-length poetry manuscript and a cash prize.
The award was established by the press in 1986 to honor cooperative member author Beatrice Hawley (Making the House Fall Down, 1977) who died in 1985 at forty-one years of age from lung cancer. The Award is a nationally-offered publication prize open to poets at any stage of their careers.”

Hum also won the 2014 American Library Association Notable Book Award for Adult Books; poetry. The 2013 winner was Sharon Olds. The comment describing the book in the posting reads: “Detroit cityscapes resonate with the pulse of machinery and silence.”

To me, this wonderful poetry is an elegy to the end of the Industrial Revolution and a tour of its graveyard, the city of Detroit. Even when he isn’t talking about machines, the writing carries respect, grief and hope. One example is:

“The Girl Who Builds Rockets from Bricks
Finds no voice louder
than hers in the caverns
of deserted houses

or overgrown lots that surround
her excavation for spare parts:

Shards of whiskey bottle, matches,
ant hills erupting from concrete

seams, the discarded husk
of a beetle. The shells of vacants

reflect the echoes of her little
song—a song with lyrics

assembled in a quiet language
only she speaks—language

not spoken with tongue but hands
that snatch up fists of grass,

crunch into dust the driest leaves—
small hands that fill jelly jars

with broken glass, gravel, and fire ants,
each jar an engine for a rocket.

Rain water spills from a gas can
Down between bricks, the girl

begins her countdown
without thinking of destination.”

The next poem in the book, “Mechanophobia; fear of machines,” begins:
There is no work left for a husk.
Automated welder like us,
your line replacements, can’t expect
sympathy after our once bright
arms of cable rust over. So come

collect us for scrap, grind us up
in the mouth of one of us.
Let your hand pry at the access
panel with the edge of a knife
silencing the motor and thrum….”

Perhaps the appeal of this book for me is in my memory of Pittsburgh growing up and seeing it now with the mills gone. Perhaps the sounds of his words play in my head in the voices of my grandfathers, uncles, father and brothers. I do know that at times, as I read, I hear Jamal May’s voice as the voice of the refugee migrants leaving Syria after their homes and communities have been destroyed in the 5 year war between the old way and the push for change, between the spiritual and the visceral, the explosion and the exploded. This is the hum I hear in the background. The sound could just as easily be that of acid rock, or techno, but a hum is what you get when enough people are talking at once and you enter the room. Some would call it clamor, but, when Jamal May enters, the sound sort of sifts down into patterns resembling speech and those patterns are interpreted beautifully for us. How we could be so lucky, when all we seem to do is hum, I really don’t know. I am truly grateful for this timely work of art.

I highly recommend that you follow this link and hear Jamal May read a couple of his poems at: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poetrymagazine/poem/245630

I read hum on Kindle, but it is available also in print and is well worth the purchase. You might also be able to borrow a virtual copy through your local library. Videos of Jamal May reciting his poetry are available on YouTube.
September 3, 2015 at 1:37pm
September 3, 2015 at 1:37pm
I wakened yesterday morning thinking about my problem with Christianity as I have encountered it in my adulthood in Southern Missouri. It starts with “have you accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior?” The first time I heard that was in connection with the Leighton Ford Crusade in Erie, Pennsylvania. I worked for Zion Lutheran Church at the time and was assigned the task of participating in planning for the crusade by my pastor/boss. I went. I had never seen crusade planning before. Someone I didn’t know sat down next to me and asked that question. My answer was “I was baptized and it took.” The feeling I had at that moment was complex and very uncomfortable and the discomfort has never left me. First, it felt like a boundary violation. I would have felt the same way if stranger had asked me about my most recent sexual encounter, or if they asked me to tell them my most private thought. For me, my religious faith is very personal. That question is too personal.

The person asking, hearing my reply, said nothing more and walked away. I have tried to understand that behavior. Superficially, the question was an invitation. However, even though my answer was affirming my identification with Christianity, it wasn’t good enough for them to continue conversation. I felt judged and very unwelcome. I never went back and I told the Pastor why. He said nothing more. I thought at the time that perhaps he was just uncomfortable with that view of Christianity as was I.

I have had an internal dialogue about that question ever since, trying to understand what bothers me so much. It isn’t just that the question feels like a set up for being judged. The question represents an idea in my mind that is totally contradictory to my sense of Christianity. It represents the idea that was popular at the turn of the twentieth century expressed in the romantic sounding hymns such as “In the Garden:
I come to the garden alone
While the dew is still on the roses
And the voice I hear falling on my ear
The Son of God discloses.
And He walks with me, and He talks with me,
And He tells me I am His own;
And the joy we share as we tarry there,
None other has ever known.
He speaks, and the sound of His voice,
Is so sweet the birds hush their singing,
And the melody that He gave to me
Within my heart is ringing.
I’d stay in the garden with Him
Though the night around me be falling,
But He bids me go; through the voice of woe
His voice to me is calling.

When I was a teen going through my spiritual transition to adulthood, I prayed and expected to hear God’s voice like I would hear anyone’s voice. Well, when that didn’t happen, I struggled to understand why I had been told that would happen and it didn’t. My conclusion was that God, whatever that may be, is not a human being, does not act like a human being and I needed to quit thinking of God in the same way I thought of my father. I need to think in terms of the creator of the universe. Science helped me to see God as the power behind everything described by science, the glue that holds things together and the power that pulls things apart and rearranges things. I can see the power is real. I understand that science gives me a limited description, and that even language cannot describe what this is. The word “awe” seems appropriate. The word “personal” seems way too small. Personal makes me think of my relationships with individual people.

My experiences in relationship have taught me that no matter what I do, I cannot fully understand another person, and, no matter what I do, I cannot make them fully understand me. Although I love language, it is too small to describe the thing inside me we call life. Mathematics is too small to describe life. As my thinking evolved, I came to realize the question “have you accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior?" is way too small and threatens to hog-tie my spirit. I don’t mean to criticize people who use the question. I criticize a culture that traps people in the small world view that everything that matters can be contained in any sentence. I am threatened by a concept that shrinks the power of the creator and sustainer-of-all-that-is into a few words that any human can bandy about like a basketball, or obtain like a tube of lipstick.

It seems to me that the Christianity I have encountered in “the Bible Belt” represents the values of Capitalism, of consumerism, more than it represents the teachings of Christ. In fact, it seems to stand in opposition to what Christ taught. There are Christians who do not think this way. Mother Teresa, Deidrick Bonhoeffer, Pope Francis, Jimmy Carter and Dorothy Day all come immediately to mind. Their spirituality is expressed in living, not talking, in acting rather than recruiting, in loving and accepting rather that sorting the wheat from the chaff, the sheep from the goats. This is what I was thinking when I awakened yesterday morning.
August 27, 2015 at 7:17pm
August 27, 2015 at 7:17pm
On CBS News at 6:00 PM today, August 27, 2015, they said:
90 people die each day by gunshot wounds in the USA
The US has 4% of the Earth population, and 42% of privately
owned guns.

I figured this out. Americans are killing 33,850 people every year in the privacy of their lives. That is close to the entire population of the county in which I live. I told my friend in England I was planning on traveling by car to Arizona. Her response: “aren’t you afraid?” I asked why I would be afraid. She said “Aren’t you afraid you’ll get shot?” It had not occurred to me to be afraid because the way I handle fear is to ignore it. I wonder how many of us, if we look inside would find quite a collection of fears related to the armed public?

There is a lot of discussion about fear of foreign terrorists. I don’t fear foreigners. I fear my neighbors. I don’t know who is angry, who has guns, who hates people like me or when they will blow up. I do know that the people with the guns are running things and tell those of us who don’t want guns in our neighborhood we are not truly American if we prefer to live unarmed. When did it become a trait of the American public to value killing each other? Are those of us who want this to stop keeping our mouths shut because we fear those with the guns? I wonder.
August 27, 2015 at 1:55am
August 27, 2015 at 1:55am
The last time I went to the book store, I bought three books written for young people and I have finished reading two of them. It seemed like they would be perfect for lying in bed keeping myself awake coughing and sneezing, but feeling too badly to take on anything weighty. And so it was with Ransom Riggs’ Library of Souls, the Third Novel of Miss Peregrine’s Peculiar Children. This has a gold seal on the front cover saying “Exclusive sneak Preview.” It appears to be the first ninety pages of the third novel due to be published in October. It also mentions a movie is being made about these stories. It looks like a good marketing strategy. I am enjoying this series because it is so “peculiar.” The tale includes moving from one time “loop” to another, and the beings in each “loop” are often unfamiliar, unpredictable, and you never know until the last minute if they are going to help or harm the heroes and heroines. Each new adventure leads to the characters discovering things about themselves and feeling surprised by their discoveries. I think these stories would be most enjoyed by middle school readers, and maybe 4th grade too.

The other book is totally different. It is non-fiction. Linda Sue Park has written a “creative non-fiction” biography of Salva Dut, one of the “lost boys” of southern Sudan during the war starting in 1985. It is the story of his experiences as a refugee written in opposition to the story of a young girl, the same age, about 11, living in South Sudan in 2008. The book title, A Long Walk to Water is a clear introduction to the focus on scarce water and the effects of war and scarcity on young people. It is a story of courage, family loyalty, determination, and the importance of taking life one step at a time. It too seems about right for readers in middle school.

Both books are very well written, include suspense, and children facing grave danger without the support of parents. They also illustrate the positive impact of strong healthy attachment. I hope that those of you who know young people might consider sharing either book, after you read them, of course, and, I hope you don’t have to get sick to find time to read them.
August 22, 2015 at 5:18pm
August 22, 2015 at 5:18pm
After my brief blog about German prisons, I double checked my information and every source said the same things. In addition to Germany, all Scandinavian countries have vastly different prison systems than the US. The following is a rather thorough look at those northern European systems of managing incidences of anti-social behavior:

http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/09/why-scandinavian-prison... There are several articles by The International Penal and Penitentiary Foundation explaining the changes in the past 50 years in these prison systems and the effects on the prisoners and the communities. One writer comments that one of the motivations for changing the systems was to reduce the negative health impact on guards and other prison workers. I learned that the average lifespan for a prison guard is 59 years in the US. There is a major difference in how decisions are made. Planning is based on scholarly research rather than political whims and popular opinion.

I am amazed at the difference in outcomes between the European prisons and US prisons. The Atlantic article delineates social forces that brought about the differences: racism, and withdrawal of social supports for the mentally ill. In addition, we Americans seem to think justice and punishment both require hurting the person who has broken the law. This, I believe, as a Social Worker, is deeply rooted in punitive child rearing practices and authoritarian educational institutions. In Europe, as in the US, law breakers are very likely to report very sad and abusive experiences during childhood. In Europe, people with symptoms are treated for their symptoms. In the US, people are punished for their symptoms.

The impression that strikes me hardest is the US refusal to listen to scholarship and research. There seems to be an increasing race to the bottom educationally. We hear that we are winning the race to the bottom on TV, but refuse to use what social scientists know to help solve the problem. I may have a couple of biases here: I happen to think of myself as a social scientist and I have been paid all my adult life for my services. I respect social science research and want to know what it can teach me. I can testify that I personally do a lot better when I am supported, encouraged and appropriately confronted about my mistakes, then given a chance to correct my direction. I assume I am pretty much like everyone else.

In paying attention to the news, I have seen a dramatic shift in US values in my lifetime. When I was a child, education was highly valued and respected. People wanted to know how to speak their own language appropriately and wanted to learn. Currently, I no longer hear the same respect for education. In fact, I hear people degrading education as if it is some sort of pathology. People built our educational system from nothing to the best in the world, then, let it slowly rot away. People talk about our education system as if it is the source of all of our problems and then undermine it instead of helping it get better. The thing that astounds me most is the cheering for people who say and do stupid things. Those doing the cheering say the things are stupid and say that is why they are cheering. This would be fine, but when they get hurt by the same stupidity, they shoot, or throw someone in jail in an arbitrary, unpredictable way, and erase any previous awareness of the good in the person from their minds.

I don’t mean to suggest these are universally true tendencies. I mean to say we are sliding down-hill because we make poorly reasoned and poorly informed choices. When they don’t work well, instead of doing something that research predicts might work better, we intensify the wrong thing as if that would fix the problem. I encourage everyone to spend an hour or two reading about European Prisons and then writing to get the word out. There are many people with power to help. They need to hear from informed people; not just the angry and stupid. We need to change.
August 18, 2015 at 12:51pm
August 18, 2015 at 12:51pm

This morning, Thom Hartman (Free Speech TV, a national public TV station) read an article written by someone who visited the German correctional system. What he read from this report was phenomenal! I can’t quote because I heard it only once and wasn’t taking notes but I can summarize pretty accurately. He reported that the number of people incarcerated is 10% of the US. The incarcerated live in small apartments, cook their own food and grow some of it, pay rent from fair earnings from vocational activities, and are expected to take responsibility for their behavior. They have phones with free access to calling their families. “Guards” are carefully trained. Only a small percentage of applicants are accepted into the two year training program. There has been no incident of prisoner or guard assault in the last two years. Sentences are rarely more than two or three years. Solitary confinement is also used rarely and then only for a day or two and never more than a month. Most people convicted of a crime are not sentenced to prison, but instead are fined an amount based on ability to pay.

As most of you probably already know, violence begets violence. Violence interferes with attachment. Attachment builds respect. Respect builds attachment. Respect and attachment breed cooperation. Violence breeds resistance and oppositional behavior. It appears the German’s understand and apply these basic ideas effectively. I am tempted to preach. I am attempted to rant. I don’t think that will be effective here. Just let this roll around in your minds. Talk it over with others. Enjoy knowing there really is a better way and we don’t have to be stuck in this mess we have created of mental health and prisons.

Love works far better than revenge. The Germans apply this: So can we. I would like to add, the Norway system is very similar to the German penal system.
August 14, 2015 at 12:39pm
August 14, 2015 at 12:39pm
“M Owais Sajjad feeling happy independence day Pakistan
Dear All,
I would like to say ‪#‎Happ_Independence_Day‬ to you all. On August 14, 1947 the announcement was made of an independent land named‪ #‎Pakistan‬. Can all of you ask a question from yourself that since that how much we have worked for independence of the people of Pakistan? I am searching for the freedom of thought & action, equal opportunities & justice, polite attitude & humble behavior, peace, love & care….” ‪#‎Pakistan_Zindabad‬

I received the Facebook post above from someone I never met but who asked to “friend” me and I accepted. The entire sequence of events seems rather magical to me. Mr. Sajjad is young and about to set out on the grand adventure of higher education. I don’t know his religion or his politics, but I do see he is an optimistic person, and one with great love for his country. I have decided to use his post in my blog today because of the optimism and the universality of his message. I cannot imagine that every person on this earth would not want these things in their life.

Here in my little corner of the world, Missouri, USA, I have not always felt that I had these things. There was the time, many years ago now, the next door neighbor viciously attacked and beat a member of my family, and when she discovered the law had been called and she was facing charges, she began to harass us. Law enforcement said they could only do something if she came on our property. Talk about feeling helpless and not free! That was a miserable experience. Once the woman was convicted, she disappeared from our vicinity. We bought the house and tore it down. Thank goodness there can be resolution at least some of the time.

Unfortunately, things don’t always work out so well for everyone. We have so many people who have died in interactions between law enforcement and citizens. I wonder what that situation would have looked like if we had been black and she white, or, the other way around? Would someone have ended up dead? What if, instead of her fists, her weapon of choice had been a gun? Fortunately, she worked at hard physical labor and had the confidence in her own physical prowess that she didn’t get a gun. What if the police had shot her, or she the police, or she us, or we her? We kept a baseball bat by the front door for a long time after that, but never considered acquiring a firearm. Thank whatever positive powers there are in the universe for that!

I am aware that communicating with someone in a predominantly Muslim country and blogging about it could catch the attention of our national snoopers and that for the rest of my life, they could track what I write and publish. It could be they already do that. Back in my active anti-war days, my friends tried to convince me I was being followed by the CIA. I didn’t believe them. However, now that electronic media is so easy to monitor, perhaps they are. To them I say:

“ask a question from yourself that since that how much we have worked for independence of the people of” the United States of America? “I am searching for the freedom of thought & action, equal opportunities & justice, polite attitude & humble behavior, peace, love & care . Can we make a commitment today to make and not break the unity, faith and discipline?...Can we my dear friends?????”

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