Vaccinations a puppy needs, when they need to get them and what they are for.
|You finally found the puppy you have been wanting for so long. Now that you have your new puppy, you
haven't got the slightest idea what type of vaccinations it needs and when to get them. If you've never owned
a puppy before it can be a bit confusing. If you have owned a puppy before it might be so long ago you cannot
remember what all of the visits to the veterinarian were for exactly.
The following schedule may vary depending on other factors.
6 to 8 weeks old:
First DHLPPC vaccination to protect from
Hepatitis (Canine adenovirus type I and II)
Para influenza virus
Worming, including heartworm
10 to 12 weeks:
Intestinal parasite screen
Second DHLPPC vaccination
Second worming, including heartworm
Kennel Cough vaccination, If your dog will be going to a groomer or boarding kennel.
Lyme disease vaccination, If your dog is in an area that poses a problem with ticks.
14 to 16 weeks
Last DHLPPC vaccination
May need to be wormed again
Rabies Booster, some states require yearly others may require every 3 years.
Intestinal parasite screen (including heartworm)
Worming, including heartworm
If applies to your dog: Kennel Cough vaccination
Lyme disease vaccination.
Okay, you've called a veterinarian and made an appointment to take your new bundle of furry joy in for a
check-up. You have an idea of what the vaccinations are but what is all of this stuff they are protecting your
pet from exactly?
Distemper is an incurable, contagious, often fatal, viral disease related to the measles. It affects the
respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems. Other carnivores like raccoons, skunks, foxes,
and other dogs that have it spread distemper. The virus, which causes distemper, is an airborne transmitted
virus; it is shed through secretions and excretions.
Hepatitis (Canine adenovirus type I and II) is an infectious disease of the liver and other organs. It is
spread by direct contact with other dogs and from contaminated surfaces like cages, dishes, etc. Canine
adenovirus is spread through body fluids, nasal discharge, and urine. Death can occur as quickly as 2 hours
after symptoms begin. Symptoms include coughing and sometimes pneumonia. The liver and kidneys may
fail to cause seizures, thirst, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria, which is spread by wildlife, raccoons, skunks, squirrels, deer, and
rodents. Leptospirosis is spread by the infected animal's urine. The bacterium enters through the skin, mucous
membranes, or drinking contaminated water. There may not be any symptoms but common symptoms include fever, vomiting, lack of appetite, weakness, depression, and stiffness.
Parvovirus is a highly contagious viral infection, which causes acute illness. It is often fatal in puppies.
There are two types of Parvovirus, intestinal and cardiac. Intestinal parvovirus attacks the gastrointestinal
tract. Cardiac Parvovirus attacks the muscles of the heart and results in cardiac arrest. Both types can cause
death often within 2 to 3 days of showing symptoms. Parvovirus is spread by oral contact with infected feces
or contaminated surfaces. The most likely place for contracting Parvovirus is in animal shelters, stores,
breeding kennels, and grooming services.
Corona virus is a viral infection spread by feces of infected dogs. It causes severe intestinal distress and
diarrhea with an odor. It has a low mortality rate but in puppies, it can be fatal.
Kennel Cough is a highly contagious (in dogs) bacterial disease. Kennel cough is also known as
Tracheobronchitis or Bordetella.
Parainfluenza virus is related to Kennel Cough. Kennel cough is a dry hacking cough followed by retching.
Sometimes there is a watery nasal discharge. In severe cases, there is lethargy, fever, lack of appetite and
pneumonia. In the worst cases, death occurs.
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria, which is spread most commonly by the deer tick. The tick bites an
infected animal, mice, or deer, and then transfers the bacteria when biting another animal or human. Lyme
disease causes loss of appetite, lethargy, fever, lameness, arthritis, cardiac, neurological and kidney disease.
Rabies is the most commonly known vaccination. Rabies is contracted when an infected animal bites an
uninfected animal. Vaccinated dogs have very little chance of getting rabies.
Worming is necessary for tapeworm, roundworm, hookworm, heartworm, and whipworm. Puppies can be
and usually, are born with worms.