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by lutz
Rated: E · Non-fiction · History · #2182517
United States administrative short history by presidents, congress and supreme courts
1. George Washington, Federalist
Born: Virginia 1732
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: tutored
Experience: planter, soldier(Commander in Chief)
Died: Virginia 1799
Elected: 1789 69 electors 1792 132 electors
Supreme Court: John Jay, John Rutledge, Will Cushing, Rob Harrison, James Wilson, John Blair, James Iredell, Thomas Johnson, Will Patterson, Sam Chase, Oli Ellsworth
First Congress: Senate 17 Federalists 9 Antifederalists
House 38 Federalists 26 Antifederalists
Second Congress: Senate 16 Federalists 13 Democrats
House 37 Federalists 33 Democrats
Third Congress: Senate 17 Federalists 13 Democrats
House 48 Federalists 57 Democrats
Fourth Congress: Senate 19 Federalists 13 Democrats
House 54 Federalists 52 Democrats

2. John Adams, Federalist
Born: Massachusetts 1735
Religion: Unitarian
Education: BA Harvard 1755
Experience: Law, Vice President
Died: Massachusetts 1826
Elected: 1796 71 electors
Supreme Court: Bushrod Washington, Al Moore, John Marshall
Fifth Congress: Senate 20 Federalists 12 Democrats
House 58 Federalists 48 Democrats
Sixth Congress: Senate 19 Federalists 13 Democrats
House 64 Federalists 42 Democrats

3.Thomas Jefferson, Democrat
Born: Virginia 1743
Religion: none
Education: William & Mary 1762
Experience: Planter, Law, Vice President, Secretary of State
Died: Virginia 1826
Elected: 1800 73 electors House runoff 1804 162 electors
7th Congress: Senate 18 Democrats 13 Federalists
House 69 Democrats 36 Federalists
8th Congress: Senate 25 Democrats 9 Federalists
House 102 Democrats 39 Federalists
9th Congress: Senate 27 Democrats 7 Federalists
House 116 Democrats 25 Federalists
10th Congress: Senate 28 Democrats 6 Federalists
House 118 Democrats 24 Federalists
Supreme Court: Will Johnson, Brock Livingston, Tom Todd

4. James Madison, Democrat
Born: 1751 Virginia
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Princeton BA 1771
Experience: Planter, US House, Secretary of State
Died: 1836 Virginia
Elected 1808 122 electors 1812 128 electors
Supreme Court: Joe Story, Gabe Duvall
11th Congress: Senate 28 Democrats 6 Federalists
House 94 Democrats 48 Federalists
12th Congress: Senate 30 Democrats 6 Federalists
House 108 Democrats 36 Federalists
13th Congress: Senate 28 Democrats 8 Federalists
House 112 Democrats 68 Federalists
14th Congress: Senate 28 Democrats 12 Federalistsp
House 117 Democrats 65 Federalists

5. James Monroe, Democrat
Born: 1758 Virginia
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Parson's School, William and Mary
Experience: Law, Soldier, US Senate, Secretary of State, Governor
Died: 1831 NY
Elected 1816 183 electors 1820 231 electors
15th Congress: Senate 30 Democrats 12 Federalists
House 141 Democrats 42 Federalists
16th Congress: Senate 37 Democrats 9 Federalists
House 156 Democrats 27 Federalists
Supreme Court: Smith Thompson
17th Congress: Senate 44 Democrats 4 Federalists
House 158 Democrats 25 Federalists
18th Congress: Senate 31 Democrats 17 Federalists
House 187 Democrats 26 Federalists

6. John Quincy Adams, Independent
Born: 1767 Massachusetts
Religion: Unitarian
Education: Harvard BA 1787
Experience: Law, US Senate, Secretary of State
Died: 1848 District of Columbia
Elected 1824 84 electors 108000 votes House runoff 1825
Supreme Court: Rob Trimble
19th Congress: Senate 26 Democrats 22 Administration
House 105 Administration 97 Democrats
20th Congress: Senate 27 Democrats 21 Administration
House 119 Democrats 94 Administration

7. Andrew Jackson, Democrat
Born: 1767 Carolina
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Pubic school
Experience: Law, Soldier, US Senate, Governor
Died: 1845 Tennesee
Elected: 1828 178 electors 642000 votes 219 electors 701000 votes
21st Congress: Senate 25 Democrats 23 Whigs
House 139 Democrats 74 Whigs
22nd Congress: Senate 24 Democrats 22 Whigs
House 141 Democrats 58 Whigs
Supreme Court: John McLean, Henry Baldwin, Jim Wayne, Roger Taney, Phil Barbour
23rd Congress: Senate 26 Democrats 20 Whigs 2 other
House 147 Democrats 53 Whigs 60 other
24th Congress: Senate 26 Democrats 24 Whigs 2 other
House 145 Democrats 98 Whigs

8, Martin Van Buren, Democrat
Born: 1782 New York
Religion: Dutch Reformed
Education: local school
Experience: Law, US Senate, Governor, Secretary of State, Vice President
Died: 1862 New York
Elected 1836 170 electors 764000 votes
Supreme Court: John Catron, John McKinley, Pete Daniel
25th Congress: Senate 35 Democrats 17 Whigs
House 108 Democrats 107 Whigs 24 other
26th Congress: Senate 30 Democrats 22 Whigs
House 124 Democrats 118 Whigs

9. William Henry Harrison, Whig
Born: 1773 Virginia
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: tutored, Hampden-Sidney
Experience: Soldier, Governor, Senator
Died: 1841 District of Columbia
Elected: 1840 234 electors 1274000 votes
27th Congress: Senate 29 Whigs 22 Democrats
House 133 Whigs 122 Democrats 6 other

10. John Tyler, Whig
Born: 1790 Virginia
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: local school, William and Mary
Experience: Law, Soldier, Governor, Senator, Vice President
Died: 1862 Virginia
Supreme Court: Sam Nelson
28th Congress: Senate 29 Whigs 23 Democrats
House 142 Democrats 79 Whigs 1 other

11. James Knox Polk, Democrat
Born: 1795 North Carolina
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: University of North Carolina, BA
Experience: Law, Soldier, Governor, Speaker of the House
Died: 1849 Tennessee
Elected: 1844 170 electors 1339000 votes
Supreme Court: Levi Woodbury, Bob Grier
29th Congress: Senate 34 Democrats 22 Whigs
House 143 Democrats 77 Whigs 6 other
30th Congress: Senate 38 Democrats 21 Whigs 1 other
House 115 Whigs 108 Democrats 4 other

12. Zachary Taylor, Whig
Born: 1784 Virginia
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: tutored
Experience: Soldier, Planter
Died: 1850 District of Columbia
Elected: 1848 163 electors 1361000 votes
31st Congress: Senate 35 Democrats 25 Whigs 2 other
House 112 Democrats 109 Whigs 9 other

13. Millard Fillmore, Whig
Born: 1800 New York
Religion: Unitarian
Education: Public school
Experience: Law, House of Representatives, Vice President
Died: 1874 New York
Supreme Court: Ben Curtis
32nd Congress: Senate 36 Democrats 23 Whigs 3 other
House 140 Democrats 88 Whigs 5 other

14. Franklin Pierce, Democrat
Born: 1804 New Hampshire
Education: Hancock Academy, Bowdoin College
Religion: Episcopalian
Experience: Law, Soldier, Senator
Died: 1869 New Hampshire
Elected: 1852 254 electors 1607000 votes
Supreme Court: John Campbell
33rd Congress: Senate 38 Democrats 22 Whigs 2 other
House 159 Democrats 71 Whigs 4 other
34th Congress: Senate 39 Democrats 22 Republicans 1 other
House 108 Republicans 83 Democrats 43 other

15. James Buchanan, Democrat
Born: 1791 Pennsylvania
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Stone Academy, Dickinson College
Experience: Law, Soldier, Senator,
Died: 1868 Pennsylvania
Elected: 1856 174 electors 1836000 votes
Supreme Court: Nate Clifford
35th Congress: Senate 39 Democrats 20 Republicans 5 other
House 131 Democrats 92 Republicans 14 other
36th Congress: Senate 38 Democrats 26 Republicans 2 other
House 113 Republicans 101 Democrats 23 other

16. Abraham Lincoln, Republican
Born: 1809 Kentucky
Education: Public school
Religion: None
Experience: Soldier, Law, House of Representatives
Died: 1865 District of Columbia
Elected: 1860 180 electors 1865000 votes 1864 212 electors 2218000 votes
Supreme Court: Noah Swayne, Sam Miller, David Davis, Steve Field, Salmon Chase
37th Congress: Senate 31 Republicans 11 Democrats 7 other
House 106 Republicans 42 Democrats 28 other
38th Congress: Senate 39 Republicans 12 Democrats
House 103 Republicans 80 Democrats
39th Congress: Senate 42 Republicans 10 Democrats
House 145 Republicans 46 Democrats

17. Andrew Johnson, Democrat(Union)
Born: 1808 North Carolina
Education: Self educated
Religion: None
Experience: Tailor, Governor, Senator, Vice President
Died: 1875 Tennessee
40th Congress: Senate 42 Republicans 11 Democrats
House 143 Republicans 49 Democrats

18. Ulysses Simpson Grant, Republican
Born: 1822 Ohio
Religion: Methodist
Education: Army 1843
Experience: Soldier, Farmer
Died: 1885 New York
Elected: 1868 214 electors 3013000 votes 1872 286 electors 3596000 votes
41st Congress: Senate 61 Republicans 11 Democrats
House 170 Republicans 73 Democrats
42nd Congress: Senate 57 Republicans 17 Democrats
House 139 Republicans 104 Democrats
43rd Congress: Senate 54 Republicans 19 Democrats
House 203 Republicans 88 Democrats
44th Congress: Senate 46 Republicans 29 Democrats
House 181 Democrats 107 Republicans
Supreme Court: Will Strong, Joe Bradley, Ward Hunt, Mo Waite

19. Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Republican
Born: 1822 Ohio
Religion: None
Education: Kenyon College BA 1842 Harvard Law LLB 1845
Experience: Soldier, House, Governor
Died: 1893 Ohio
Elected: 1876 185 electors 3034000 votes Senate runoff
45th Congress: Senate 39 Republicans 36 Democrats
House 150 Democrats 137 Republicans
46th Congress: Senate 43 Democrats 33 Republicans
House 150 Democrats 128 Republicans
Supreme Court: John Harian, Will Woods

20. John Abram Garfield, Republican
Born: 1831 Ohio
Religion: Deciples of Christ
Education: Williams College
Experience: Soldier, Hiram College President, House
Died: 1881 New Jersey
Elected: 1880 214 electors 4446000 votes
47th Congress: Senate 37 Republicans 37 Democrats 2 other
House 147 Republicans 135 Democrats 11 other
Supreme Court: Stan Mathews

21. Chester Alan Arthur, Republican
Born: 1829 Vermont
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Union College 1848
Experience: Teacher, Law, Soldier, Vice President
Died: 1886 New York
48th Congress: Senate 40 Republicans 36 Democrats
House 200 Democrats 119 Republicans 6 other
Supreme Court: Race Gray, Sam Blatchford

22&24. Grover Cleveland, Democrat
Born 1837 New Jersey
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Public school
Experience: Law, Sheriff, Governor
Died: 1908 New Jersey
Elected: 1884 219 electors 4874000 votes 1892 277 electors 5551000 votes
49th Congress: Senate 41 Republicans 34 Democrats
House 182 Republicans 140 Democrats 2 other
50th Congress: Senate 39 Republicans 37 Democrats
House 170 Democrats 151 Republicans 4 other
53rd Congress: Senate 44 Democrats 38 Republicans 3 other
House 220 Democrats 126 Republicans 11 other
54th Congress: Senate 44 Republicans 39 Democrats 5 other
House 246 Republicans 104 Democrats 7 other
Supreme Court: Luc Lamar, Mel Fuller, Ed White, Ruf Peckham

23. Benjamin Harrison, Republican
Born: 1833 Ohio
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Miami Ohio BA 1858
Experience: Law, Soldier, Senator
Died: 1901 Indiana
Elected: 1888 233 electors 5443000 votes
51st Congress: Senate 47 Republicans 37 Democrats
House 173 Republicans 156 Democrats 1 other
52nd Congress: Senate 47 Republicans 39 Democrats 2 other
House 231 Democrats 88 Republicans 14 other
Supreme Court: Dave Brewer, Hank Brown, George Shiras, Howell Jackson

25. William McKinley, Republican
Born: 1843 Ohio
Religion: Methodist
Education: Albany Law
Experience: Soldier, Governor
Died: 1901 New York
Elected: 1896 271 electors 7108000 votes 1900 292 electors 7218000 votes
Supreme Court: Joe McKenna
55th Congress: Senate 46 Republicans 34 Democrats 12 other
House 206 Republicans 134 Democrats 16 other
56th Congress: Senate 53 Republicans 26 Democrats 11 other
House 185 Republicans 163 Democrats 9 other
57th Congress: Senate 56 Republicans 29 Democrats 3 other
House 198 Republicans 153 Democrats 5 other

26. Theodore Roosevelt, Republican
Born: 1858 New York
Religion: Dutch Reform Church
Education: Harvard BA 1880
Experience: Historian, Governor, Vice President
Died: 1919 New York
58th Congress: Senate 58 Republicans 32 Democrats
House 207 Republicans 178 Democrats
Elected: 1904 336 electors 7626000 votes
59th Congress: Senate 57 Republicans 31 Democrats
House 250 Republicans 136 Democrats
60th Congress: Senate 61 Republicans 29 Democrats
House 222 Republicans 164 Democrats
Supreme Court: Oli Holmes, Will Day, Will Moody

27. William Howard Taft, Republican
Born: 1857 Ohio
Religion: Unitarian
Education: Yale BA 1878 Cincinnati Law 1880
Experience: Law, Governor, Chief Justice
Died: 1930 District of Columbia
Elected: 1908 321 electors 7678000 votes
61st Congress: Senate 59 Republicans 32 Democrats
House 219 Republicans 172 Democrats me
62nd Congress: Senate 49 Republicans 42 Democrats
House 228 Democrats 162 Republicans 1 other
Supreme Court: Race Lurton, Chuck Hughes, Will Devanter, Joe Lamar, Ed White, Mah Pitney

28. Woodrow Wilson, Democrat
Born: 1856 Virginia
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Princeton BA 1879 John Hopkins PHD 1886
Experience: Teacher, Governor
Died: 1924 District of Columbia
Elected: 1912 435 electors 6293000 votes 1916 277 electors 9126000 votes
63rd Congress: Senate 51 Democrats 44 Republicans 1 other
House 290 Democrats 127 Republicans 18 other
64th Congress: Senate 56 Democrats 39 Republicans 1 other
House 231 Democrats 193 Republicans 8 other
65th Congress: Senate 53 Democrats 42 Republicans 1 other
House 216 Democrats 210 Republicans 9 other
66th Congress: Senate 48 Republicans 47 Democrats 1 other
House 237 Republicans 191 Democrats 7 other
Supreme Court: Jim McReynolds, Lou Brandeis, John Clark

29. Warren Gamaliel Harding, Republican
Born: 1865 Ohio
Religion: Baptist
Education: Ohio Central BS 1882
Experience: Sales, Reporter, Lieutenant Governor, Senator
Died: 1923 California
Elected: 1920 404 electors 16153000 votes
67th Congress: Senate 59 Republicans 37 Democrats
House 300 Republicans 132 Democrats 1 other
Supreme Court: Will Taft, Geo Sutherland, Pier Butler, Ed Sanford

30. John Calvin Coolidge, Republican
Born: 1872 Vermont
Religion: Congregationalist
Education: Amherst BA 1895
Experience: Law, Governor, Vice President
Died: 1933 Massachusetts
Elected: 1924 382 electors 15700000 votes
68th Congress: Senate 51 Republicans 43 Democrats 2 other
House 225 Republicans 207 Democrats 3 other
69th Congress: Senate 54 Republicans 40 Democrats 1 other
House 247 Republicans 183 Democrats 5 other
70th Congress: Senate 48 Republicans 47 Democrats 1 other
House 237 Republicans 195 Democrats 3 other
Supreme Court: Har Stone

31. Herbert Clark Hoover, Republican
Born: 1874 Iowa
Religion: Quaker
Education: Stanford BA 1895
Experience: Engineer, Secretary of Commerce
Died: 1964 New York
Elected: 1928 444 electors 21000000 votes
71st Congress: Senate 56 Republicans 39 Democrats 1 other
House 267 Republicans 163 Democrats 1 other
72nd Congress: Senate 48 Republicans 47 Democrats 1 other
House 218 Republicans 216 Democrats 1 other
Supreme Court: Chuck Hughes, Owen Roberts, Ben Cardozo

32. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Democrat
Born: 1882 New York
Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Harvard BA 1903
Experience: Law, Banker, Governor
Died: 1945 Georgia
Elected: 1932 472 electors 22800000 votes 1936 523 electors 27400000 votes
73rd Congress: Senate 59 Democrats 36 Republicans 1 other
House 313 Democrats 117 Republicans 5 other
74th Congress: Senate 69 Democrats 25 Republicans 2 other
House 322 Democrats 103 Republicans 10 other
75th Congress: Senate 75 Democrats 17 Republicans 4 other
House 333 Democrats 89 Republicans 13 other
76th Congress: Senate 69 Democrats 23 Republicans 4 other
House 262 Democrats 169 Republicans 4 other
Elected: 1940 449 electors 27200000 votes 1944 432 electors 25600000 votes
77th Congress: Senate 66 Democrats 28 Republicans 2 other
House 267 Democrats 162 Republicans 6 other
78th Congress: Senate 57 Democrats 38 Republicans 1 other
House 222 Democrats 209 Republicans 4 other
79th Congress: Senate 58 Democrats 37 Republicans 1 other
House 243 Democrats 190 Republicans 2 other
Supreme Court: Hugo Black, Stan Reed, Felix Frankfurter, Will Douglas, Frank Murphy, Har Stone, Jim Byrne, Rob Jackson, Wiley Rutledge

33. Harry Truman, Democrat
Born: 1884 Missouri
Religion: Baptist
Education: Kansas City Law
Experience: Clerk, Soldier, Senator, Vice President
Died: 1972 Missouri
80th Congress: Senate 51 Republicans 45 Democrats
House 246 Republicans 188 Democrats 1 other
Elected: 1948 303 electors 24100000 votes
81st Congress: Senate 54 Democrats 42 Republicans
House 263 Democrats 171 Republicans 1 other
82nd Congress: Senate 48 Democrats 47 Republicans 1 other
House 234 Democrats 199 Republicans 2 other
Supreme Court: Harry Burton, Fred Vinson, Tom Clark, Sherm Minton

34. Dwight David Eisenhower, Republican
Born: 1890 Texas
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Army BS 1915
Experience: Soldier, Columbia University President
Died: 1969 District of Columbia
Elected: 1952 442 electors 33700000 votes 1956 457 electors 35580000 votes
83rd Congress: Senate 48 Republicans 46 Democrats 2 other
House 221 Republicans 213 Democrats 1 other
84th Congress: Senate 48 Democrats 47 Republicans 1 other
House 232 Democrats 203 Republicans
85th Congress: Senate 49 Democrats 47 Republicans
House 234 Democrats 201 Republicans
86th Congress: Senate 62 Democrats 34 Republicans
House 282 Democrats 153 Republicans
Supreme Court: Earl Warren, John Harlan, Chuck Whitaker, Po Stewart

35. John Kennedy, Democrat
Born: 1917 Massachusetts
Religion: Roman Catholic
Education: Harvard BA
Experience: U.S. Navy, Senate
Died: 1963 Texas
Elected: 1960 303 electors 34227000 votes
87th Congress: Senate 65 Democrats 35 Republicans
House 263 Democrats 172 Republicans
88th Congress: Senate 63 Democrats 37 Republicans
House 258 Democrats 177 Republicans
Supreme Court: By White, Art Goldberg
Here ends this history.
I was in the first grade in 1964 and voted for Barry Goldwater. He looked better than Lyndon Johnson who won.
Hubert Humphrey was my vote in 1968. I was not tricked by Richard Nixon.
High school civics saw me in my first debate in 1972. We lost with George McGovern. Nixon is reelected.
My first presidential election vote came in 1976. We win with Jimmy Carter; Gerald Ford loses.
Ronald Reagan won in 1980.
George HW Bush won in 1988 without my vote because of a registration error.
Bill Clinton won in 1992.
George W Bush won in 2000 with a Supreme Court decision.
Barack Obama won in 2008.
Donald Trump won in 2016 by the electoral college overtaking 2500000+ votes.
It is up to younger voters to complete this history for their eyes will not be clouded by age. Good luck.



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