Ten interesting facts about Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse.
| Both Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse are some of the greatest monuments were ever carved into the granite rock mountains of the Black Hills in South Dakota, and both locations have millions of visitors each and every year. I've been fortunate enough in life to have visited both of these historic places, and all of the photographs in this hub I personally took myself. I would like to share ten of the interesting facts that I learned while visiting both of these two places.
10 Facts of Mount Rushmore verses Crazy Horse
1. The starting dates. Mount Rushmore National Memorial was first established in 1925, and the work on Mount Rushmore began in 1927. While the first dedication blast at Crazy horse didn't take place until June 3rd 1948. That very first blast removed 10 tons of solid rock and stone. There were five survivors of the Battle of the Little Bighorn who attended this ground breaking blast.
2. The completion dates. The sculptured heads of four US presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln were completed in the year 1941. The memorial of Chief Crazy Horse won't be completed in our children's children's lifetime. There are historians that say that Egypt's Great Pyramid only took about 20 years to finish. Go figure.
3. The funding. Mount Rushmore is a National Park, and is funded by the United States government. Crazy horse is a nonprofit memorial foundation, and never has and never will ever except one single solitary penny from the state of South Dakota or the United States federal government!
4. The dimensions in feet. Mount Rushmore's four sculpture president's heads tower up 60 foot into the South Dakota sky. Crazy Horse's colossal monument is much much bigger. The Crazy Horse Memorial is 641 feet across, and towers up 563 feet to the top of the feathers on Crazy Horse's headdress. Crazy Horse's arm extends 263 feet pointing out towards the lands where his dead lie buried. The horses head is 219 feet high, and Crazy horse's head is 87 and a half feet high. We were told on our tour that You can fit all four of the U.S. president's heads into just one of Crazy Horse's eyeballs. The hole that you see in these photographs, which is under Crazy Horse's arm you can fit a 10 story building in. Now that's big!
5. The Sculptors. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum with over 400 workers carved the four heads of the U.S. presidents into the rock at Mount Rushmore. Sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski began the work on Crazy Horse all by himself. Since his death in 1982 his wife Ruth and seven of their children, along with many of the 23 grandchildren have continued directing the work each and every passing year, and still dreaming in stone. At this point there's no way of knowing just how many different workers it will take to complete the Crazy Horse Memorial.
6. The sizes. Mount Rushmore's entire memorial covers a whopping 1,278.45 acres in the Black Hills of South Dakota. As it stands now when the Crazy horse memorial is completed it will become the world's largest sculpture, as well as the first non-religious statue to hold this record since 1967.
7. The distances. Just 17 miles separate Mount Rushmore from Crazy Horse. So there's really no excuse for visiting one of these historic sites and not the other one!
8. The entrance fees. There are no entrance fees for Mount Rushmore itself. However the gimmick is there's absolutely no where close by to park your vehicle, so fees are required to park at the memorial. These fees range from eleven dollars per vehicle up to fifty dollars for a bus. For the Crazy Horse Memorial the fees are $11 for Adults, and children under the age of 6 are free. There's also the option of a $28 admission fee for an entire carload of visitors. Do whatever is better for you at the time. The important thing to remember at the Crazy Horse memorial is that visitors become a part of all of the history making through the donations of their admission fee.
9. Getting a closer look at the two monuments. There are no tours to the summit of Mount Rushmore, but the physically well fit can take a well traveled trail that will take you right to the base of the four president's heads. At the Crazy Horse memorial for a couple of bucks you can take a bus ride down to the base of the colossal monument. That is when there's no scheduled blasting! The first weekend of June there's a Spring Volksmarch, and in September there's an Autumn Volksmarch up and out onto Crazy Horse's extended arm. If you are in the area, then this is certainly worth looking into doing!
10. The completions of the two monuments. In completion of Mount Rushmore one of the things that I was particularly amazed at was how much attention to detail was put forth into creating George Washington's face, which was the first sculptor to be worked on. The other three sculptured president's heads almost look like they were Rushed to be completed. (Maybe this has something to do with where the name Mount Rushmore came from, but I doubt it.) The Crazy Memorial has no schedule completion date, and the finished product could be 100's of years down the road.
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