BLS CPR Certified, Experienced First Responder, Memo 2
First Aid for Burns can be hard to remember how to treat. When you are in a scene it's easy to get lost in how can the victim get treatment. I created simple steps which is known as B-U-R-N-S method.
First, let us discuss a little more information about the different types of burns and characteristics of burn victim.
There's three different degree's of burns.
1st degree= Skin appear red.
Larger than 5% percent of effected body part would be recommended to seek medical attention. Burns are based on the degree and the severity.
Although First degree burnes are less serious it does not mean it should not be kept in consideration.
When dealing with a victim you want to keep in mind that anytime a victim is in pain it's best to seek help. That is what First Responders are there for.
Call First Response.
2nd degree= Also skin appears red but has blisters.
Do not pop blisters because that is way the skin is protecting the area. It is high risk to infection if you remove any blisters and it is just as bad as removing structural damage to the skin.
*Use cling wrap and wrap around the burn can help reduce spread of infection.
You can run cool over the wrap. However check the victim to see if it was a burn caused by chemicals. If it was a chemical using water can cause more damage. Be sure to know by reading the chemical label on the back.
Recommended by health professional to use cool tap water over cling wrap for 20 minutes. Minimal 10 minutes or until pain resides.
3rd degree= Charcoal, open red areas, exposure to skin and tissue, possible muscle and tissue damage. May consist of seeing muscle damage. Be sure to call First Responders.
-Look at the area before you approach your victim and ask yourself is it safe for you to enter.
Flames- such as stove top. Remove victim from kitchen and source of heat. Remove items. If it is
chemical remove the chemical out of the way.
Sun- victim can experience shock easily. Remove victim from direct sun light to a cooler area but
not into cold room. The core inside internal body takes longer to cool then the skin does.
If you cool the outside body faster then you risk the victim into shock. Best prevention to remove
victim into a cooler shade area.
No soda's, no sugar in fluids, just water if possible. Stand by for assist and ask victim if they need
Chemical-. check the back of any chemical product to see if it is okay to run water over the burn
Adding WATER CAN CAUSE SEVERE BURNS if mixed with water. Chemical reaction can occur
with water and can be seen on chemical product on warning label.
Call your immediate First Response before you start using water.
If there is a burn in the eye of victim who wears contact lenses ask them to wash had and to
and remove their contacts.
Inhalation Chemical Burn- Call your First Response first.
If you do not know the victim there is a slight probable cause that you be exposed to chemical
burns also. The one chemical used that people go to render aid is for drug addicts such as meth.
Without calling help you can risk yourself. Chemicals made in meth are extremely vaporous and
can cause severe lung burns. It is so important to be active of helping yourself calling to get help.
Electrical- Look for what is known is ENTRY AND EXIST. If it is electrical and on the wall it's
possible to unplug from wall. If it is a poll it would not be safe if electrical item was in entry of you
approaching victim. You have to Look, Observe, and Determine
if it is safe for you to come to victim.
Electrical poles it is highly recommended to call for assistance instead of you approaching and
getting shocked first. Find the source of electric flow but do not put yourself in risk.
Most importantly, if a victim is knocked unconscious do not move victim because they may have a
spinal injury. Be prepared to do CPR.
Remove jewelry around burned area. The area can be red and swollen. Keep cotton away and
use premoisten gauze. Cotton can get stuck in tissue and hard to remove. You can buy
premoisten gauze or find it in plastic bags for burned victim in manufacture facilities but be mindful
in using it in chemical burns.
Below is the B-U-R-N-S Method.
Blisters- Don't pop remove blisters
Unit- Check your surroundings. Look, observe, determine is it safe to go there.
Redness- Check the severity and the kind of burn. If it's chemical remember not to use water if the
chemical bottle says not to use water.
No's- Don't move a victim if they are unconscious unless it would cause them to be in further harm
but remember to call for help.
Sun- Move victim out of the sun into a cool area. Not into a room cooler than 80 degrees. Also,
hydrate with water not soda's