BLS CPR Certified, Experienced First Responder, Memo 2
First Aid for Burns can be hard to remember how to render care for victim. Keep in mind staying calm at all time is the best step for
yourself and person that you are rendering any emergency care.
When you are in a scene it's easy to get lost for as what to do for burns and seeing actual burns. Part of my training is never forget to
be there for the patient.
I created simple steps which is known as B-U-R-N-S method.
First, let us discuss a little more information about the different types of burns and characteristics of burn victim.
There's 5 different degree's of burns. I only will only discuss the first three primary burns.
1st degree= Skin appear red.
Larger than 5% percent of effected body part would be recommended to seek medical attention. Burns are based
on the degree and the severity.
Although First degree burnes are less serious it does not mean it should not be kept in consideration.
When dealing with a victim you want to keep in mind that anytime a victim is in pain it's best to seek help. Most towns have a
local fire department and some are volunteer fire department. The local volunteer fire department are trained fire fighters and medical
responders that know how to provide advanced first aide until ambulance shows up on the scene.
When in doubt and victim is complaining of pain call for assistance Local Fire Department.
2nd degree= Also skin appears red but has blisters.
Do not pop blisters because that is way the skin is protecting the area. It is high risk to infection if you remove any blisters and it
is just as bad as removing structural damage to the skin.
Note* 2nd degree that is small extremities any un open blisters can be alright to use wrap but really not recommended by Medical
Professionals. Any blisters should only be left alone and covered by sterile gauze.
Use cool tap water over cling wrap for 20 minutes. Examples first degree burns small areas of body. Minimal 10 minutes or until pain
3rd degree= Charcoal, open red areas, exposure to skin and tissue, possible muscle and tissue damage. May
consist of seeing muscle damage. Be sure to call First Responders.
-Look at the area before you approach your victim and ask yourself is it safe for you to enter.
Flames- such as stove top. Remove victim from kitchen and source of heat. Remove items. If it is chemical remove the chemical out
of the way from victim. Also you should brush chemical from burn with a clean sterile gloves and sterile gauze.
Sun- victim can experience shock easily. Remove victim from direct sun light to a cooler area but not into cold room. The core inside
internal body takes longer to cool then the skin does.
If you cool the outside body faster then you risk the victim into shock. Best prevention to remove victim into a cooler shade are and
Chemical-. check the back of any chemical product to see if it is okay to run water over the burn site.
Adding WATER CAN CAUSE SEVERE BURNS if mixed with water. Chemical reaction can occur with water and can be seen on
chemical product on warning label.
If there is a burn in the eye of victim who wears contact lenses ask them to wash hands and remove their contacts themselves.
Inhalation Chemical Burn- Call your First Response first.
Going to house suspected of Meth is a probable cause that you can be exposed to chemical burns also. The one chemical used that
people go to render aid is for drug addicts such as meth.
Without calling help you can risk yourself. Chemicals made in meth are extremely vaporous and can cause severe lung burns. It is so
important to be active of helping yourself calling to get help.
Electrical- Look for what is known is ENTRY AND EXIST. If it is electrical and on the wall it's possible to unplug from wall. If
it is a poll it would not be safe if electrical item was in entry of you
Look, Observe, and Determineif it is safe for you to come to victim.
Electrical poles it is highly recommended to call for assistance instead of you approaching and getting electrocuted.
Find the source of electric flow }but do not put yourself in risk.
Most importantly, if a victim is knocked unconscious do not move victim because they may have a
spinal injury. Be prepared to do CPR.
Remove jewelry around burned area. The area can be red and swollen.
Keep cotton away and use premoisten gauze. Cotton can get stuck in tissue and hard to remove. You can buy
premoisten gauze or find it in plastic bags for burned victim in manufacture facilities but be mindful
in using it in chemical burns.
Below is the B-U-R-N-S Method.
Blisters- Don't pop remove blisters
Unit- Check your surroundings. Look, observe, determine is it safe to go there.
Redness- Check the severity and the kind of burn. If it's chemical remember not to use water if the chemical bottle says not to use
No's- Don't move a victim if they are unconscious unless it would cause them to be in further harm but remember to call for help.
Sun- Move victim out of the sun into a cool area. Not into a room cooler than 80 degrees. Also, hydrate with water not soda's.
-If you have any question please review and email questions to tinag@Writing.Com. Thank you for taking the time to read my item.