by Lurie Park
A short biography of Robert Frost.
|"These woods are lovely, dark and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep."
Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, the USA in 1874. When Robert was 10 years old, his father died and the family moved to Massachusetts in New England. At the age of 14, he is said to have sold his first poem! In 1892, he left school and worked in a mill, then taught at a school, became a reporter and an editor of a weekly. He joined Harvard and studied the classics for two years. Again, he became a reporter and a teacher of English and Psychology.
In his poems, Frost wrote about rural people, their occupations, events and situations. He used simple, colloquial language of country folks. His ambition was to use everyday speech of New Englanders to capture their voice with all its rich intentions. Robert Frost is perhaps the best loved of American poets. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry four times, i.e., in 1924, 1931, 1937 and 1943. He died in 1963.
His Writing Style
Frost wanted to be different, but he also valued the use of traditional stanzas and metrical lines. He wrote various types of poetry, but he seemed to particularly like a quatrain with simple rhymes like abab and abcb.
He rarely wrote in free verse, but was known to write a lot in blank verse. Frost wrote short poems and long poems, some long enough to take up several pages in a book.
Themes of Robert Frost Poems
Robert Frost used a lot of metaphors in his poetry. Although he covers many subjects and themes, the core themes of Robert Frost poems narrow down to nature and humanity.
Human contact with the natural world
Simultaneous validity of opposing ideas
Frost was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature 31 times.
In June 1922, the Vermont State League of Women's Clubs elected Frost as Poet Laureate of Vermont. When a New York Times editorial strongly criticised the decision of the Women's Clubs, Sarah Cleghorn and other women wrote to the newspaper defending Frost. On July 22, 1961, Frost was named Poet Laureate of Vermont by the state legislature through Joint Resolution R-59 of the Acts of 1961, which also created the position.
Robert Frost won the 1963 Bollingen Prize.
Some Famous Works
In 1912, Frost went to England and published A Boy's Will and North of Boston which made him famous. After his returns to the USA, he continued to write poetry. His other famous works include -
"A Witness Tree"
"In the Cleaning"
“The Road Not Taken”
“The Death of the Hired Man”
“Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”
“A Boy’s Will”
What fascinated me?
Last year, our teacher taught us "Birches" by Robert Frost in the English class. I found this poem evocative and something I long to read. Curiousity then made me to read more about the poet.
When I started knowing him, his literary contributions and achievements amazed me. So, I was happy to write about the author as an assignment. I feel honoured.