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Rated: E · Article · Medical · #2279809
A writeup describing the problem of eye cataracts and the health tips to escape it
health tips on maintenance of a healthy eye vision

The eye is one of the most important organs in the human body, being the organ or faculty of sight or vision in the body.

The human eye isn't just important in its functions and responsibilities, but is also very fragile and delicate, and requires serious measures to be taken to ensure its continual effectiveness.

The eye plays a powerful role in the body and also has its share of problems and defects that can hinder its operations or ultimately stop its functioning, among which is an ailment known as the eye cataract.

An eye cataract is a eye problem that arises when the proteins in your eye lens begin to break down and causes your sight to become blurry, hazy, or less colorful and the eye's visual quality degrades and progresses to opacity that causes blindness if not treated.

Cataracts is a word derived from the greek word cataractos referring to the turbulent state of rapidly running water.

This occurs when the proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from transmitting clear signals to the retina.

A cataract develops slowly and begins to interfere with your vision. The eye has a natural lens that bends (refracts) light rays that comes into the eye to enable vision and are situated behind the iris(the colored part of the eye in the area of the pupil), invisible to the naked eye unless it becomes extremely cloudy.

The retina transforms light into neurologic signals that the brain interprets as vision.

Risk factors of cataract
There are several risk factors involved in the problem of eye cataract, which includes:
Old age
Previous eye injuries
Excessive exposure to sunlight
Exposure to x-ray radiations and cancer treatment
High blood pressure

Causes of cataract

Numerous causes can be associated with the formation of cataracts in the human eye, causes like :
Radiation therapy
Ultraviolet radiation
Prolonged usage of steroids
Overproduction of oxidants in the body

Symptoms of cataract

Visions that are blurred, foggy or filmy
Poor night vision(difficulty seeing at night)
Double vision in one eye
Sensitivity to bright sunlight, lamps, or headlights
Problems with glare during the day
Seeing "halos" around lights
Fading or yellowing of colors
Troubles with glasses or contact lenses not working well
Cataracts might not be noticeable initially, but as it expands and covers more lens area, the cloudiness expands and it becomes more noticeable.

Prevention tips against cataract

Though it might be difficult sometimes to fully understand the reason for the formation of cataracts, there are some safety measures to follow to risks of being a victim, this includes:
Uses of sunglasses outside, to protect your eyes from UVB rays
Regular eye checkups
Quit smoking
Maintenance of healthy weight
Always consume fruits and vegetables containing antioxidants

Treatment of cataract
The use of strong eyeglasses or magnifying lenses or at best surgery will be highly needed.

Happy new month, stay healthy and safe.
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