the first 10 verses of chapter title "The Pen" of the Holy Quran
[These letters (Nun,Â etc.) are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].
By the pen and what the (angels) write (in the Records of men).
Allah is swearing on the actual pen we use to write. He is alerting to us that He has favored us by teaching us the skill of writing by which people attain knowledge (Ibn Kathir's Tafseer)
The angels write in the record of man their good and bad deeds.
bn Abi Hatim recorded from Al-Walid bin `Ubadah bin As-Samit that he said, "My father called for me when he was dying and he said to me: `Verily, I heard the Messenger of Allah say, (Verily, the first of what Allah created was the Pen, and He said to it: "Write.'' The Pen said: "O my Lord, what shall I write'' He said: "Write the decree and whatever will throughout eternity.'')''Â
2.Â You (O MuhammadÂ ) are not, by the Grace of your Lord, a madman.
You, by the grace of your Lord, are not insane.) meaning -- and all praise is due to Allah -- `you are not crazy as the ignorant among your people claim. They are those who deny the guidance and the clear truth that you have come with. Therefore, they attribute madness to you because of their denial.
3.Â And verily, for you (O MuhammadÂ ) will be an endless reward.
4.Â And verily, you (O MuhammadÂ ) are on an exalted standard of character.
5.Â You will see, and they will see,
6.Â Which of you is afflicted with madness.
7.Â Verily, your Lord knows better, who (among men) has gone astray from His Path, and He knows better those who are guided.
8.Â So (O MuhammadÂ ) obey not the deniers [(of Islamic Monotheism those who belie the Verses of Allah), the Oneness of Allah, and the Messenger of Allah (MuhammadÂ ), etc.]
9.Â They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you.
10.Â And obey not everyone who swears much, and is considered worthless,