|This is an interesting exploration of the ever-present conundrum of what separates good from evil, and the implications of our moral philosophies. I expect that if you were a writer in Ancient Greece in the year 300 BC, you might have found a good conversation partner in Epicurus, a philosopher who was also interested in the problem of evil.
A few issues of clarity:
"Majority of us expect others as well as ourselves to act on what we have been taught."
While I understand what you're trying to say here, you could make this sentence a bit more concise and clear. What does "what we have been taught" mean, in the context of just this sentence? Also "as well as ourselves" is a bit redundant. For example, you instead could say something like "As individuals, we are expected to put the morals we are taught into practice." Obviously you don't have to use that exact sentence, but notice how it communicates the essence of what you want to say in fewer words, and makes it clearer exactly what you're talking about.
"To act good is good, while to commit evil is bad. But what can make one bad and the other good? In any case, first for what reason is the fact of good and evil put into existence?"
Same issue here. The reader will understand the point you're driving at, but these sentences sound rather redundant, repetitive, and somewhat unclear. Also, consider using things like italics and quotes for clarity and emphasis! For instance, you might say something like "We understand that to act "good" is to be good, and to act "evil" is to be evil. But what differentiates good from evil in the first place? Why do these principles exist at all?"
Again, you obviously are not obligated to use that exact phrasing, I'm just providing it as an example to show how you might make your ideas clearer to your readers.
I won't take the time to go through every sentence with corrections, but by now you get the idea. Read over your writing several times and try to communicate your ideas in a more concise and clear way. Here's a good resource for how to write concisely:
There are also some shorter phrases or terms that, in my opinion, should be explained better. For instance, you write that "being good is simply to keep a lawful faith in individuals and things." I don't disagree, but you should try and better explain what you mean by this. In this context, what does the word "lawful" mean? Also, elaborate more on what you mean by "things." I don't think you mean things as in "material objects." Perhaps you mean to refer to institutions or systems. Be more specific!
Also, you talk about "spreading nothing but good manship." I haven't heard this term before, and I'm not exactly sure what you means by this. What is manship? Or is it meant to be one word, "goodmanship?" In any case, I'd recommend using a better word, or at least explaining more what you mean by this.
Some of my personal opinions about the content of this piece:
You say that "evil is taking the power and control over one in a wrongful manner without the feeling of guilt or regret after the fact." I would challenge this and say that it is possible to commit an act of evil and still feel guilt and regret after doing this. For instance, someone might murder an innocent person, but then feel guilt or regret after doing so. However, despite this regret, the action itself (murder) is still evil isn't it?
Finally, this piece of writing is largely asking questions. That's definitely okay, especially with topics like this, we will always have more questions than answers. However, humans have been asking questions about good and evil for thousands of years. I would suggest to try and make your writing more meaningful by not just asking these questions, but making an argument for what YOU think the answers are! What's your opinion? Even if you don't know, try and examine what you think. Your opinions on the subject will be of greater interest and generate more discussion than simply asking questions that many others wonder about as well.
Overall, a thought provoking piece. Keep exploring deep topics like this!